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Complied by Hossein Hamidi

As one among the thousands who has something to do with music and specially folk music, I decided to gather a selection of tunes from different regions of Iran in the same collection, as the master Rohollah Khaleghi once said: “One of the most fruitful resources of music in every country is the melodies, tunes and sung and created in various regions and provinces and villages in particular that are far from great cities, As such music has hardly been affected by the civilians’ taste, it is more probable to be natural and has more proximity to the original and ancient music of the country.”
In the preparation of the present set, the large varieties of the Iranian folk and regional music as well as my earlier works in the field of the Iranian folk music have been my motives. The following is a short list of the latter.
1. Investigation and rehearsal of all recordings of the Iranian folk music made during 1972 to 1977 by Fouzieh Majd in collaboration with Manijeh Alipour.
2. Research trips to collect music from various Iran’s regions.
3. Investigation into the different wind instruments of the Iranian regions and performances on them up to the stage of group playing.
4. Adaptation of provincial music for the folk orchestra of every region, with instrumentation typical of it.

Eight Regions of the Iranian Folk Music
In this collection, eight regions have been focused and several forms, with particular contents, have been chosen per each:
1. The region of Azerbaijan
2. The region of Mazandaran and Turkmen
3. The region of Khorasan
4. The region of Sistan and Baluchestan
5. The region of Lorsetan and Bakhtiari and Fars  
6. The region of the Iranian south coasts
7. The region of Kurdistan
8. The region of Gilan and Talysh

In each region the music, as vocal or instrumental, is performed at various events and most of the melodies, songs and dances have a well known creator. Poems of such songs are mainly about the heroes of the regions, enthusiastic lovers and provincial life.
Among the common characteristics of the music of Iran’s regions the presence of Ashiq’s and Bakhshi’s is worth nothing. These artists, indisputably great masters of the music of regions, enjoy a great sense and aural capability that allow them to improvise poems and performances with their own voice and instruments at specific ceremonies.
The music of Iran’s region is rather of a practical nature, so it can not be performed appropriately in a concert hall. For instance, weddings are one of the main grounds for such music. Other examples include wrestling ceremony, funeral, farming and animal husbandry, lullaby, treatment ceremony (Zâr and Nobân ceremony), Dervishes’s Zekr and group dances.

The popularity of “Hasht Behesht” collection among proponents of Iranian regional music prompted the director of Mahoor Institute of Culture and Art to suggest the author to add more original pieces to the first collection. Agreed with this suggestion, the author made all his effort to put together the original and genuine tunes and melodies from various regions and fully illustrate at this tunes, the first elements that surface are:
1. Simplicity of the forms of melodies
2. Practicality of the music
3. Beauty of tunes, regarding the repetition of melodies

In the present collection you will find the music of eight regions in four CD’s:
CD 1: The music of Iranian south coasts, the music of Fars and the music of Lorestan and Bakhtiari
CD 2: The music of Kurdistan and Khorasan
CD 3: The music of Mazandaran, Turkmen music and the music of Azerbaijan
CD 4: The music of Sistan and Baluchestan, the music of Talysh and Gilan and the Lor’s music of the Fars province.

It is to be noted that the arrangement of pieces in these CD’s is due to the time restrictions and as result, for instance, the Lor music of the Fars province, rather than the first CD, lies in the fourth one and at the end.

I, hereby, wish to express my full gratitude toward all the scholar who helped us prepare and create the present collection and hope that we have caused motivation for more investigation in the field of the Iranian regional music.

Hossein Hamidi

Mastered by Orod Anzabipour  
Graphic Designer: Arlin Vartanian

Record Label: Mahoor Institute of Culture and Art
Record Date: 1995
Release Date: 2005

Hasht Behesht
A Selection of Iranian Regional Music

Track list

CD 1

The Music of Iran’s South Coasts
  1.    Dâikâto: a song of Zâr ceremony (The ceremony of Hava believers)
          [with the voice of Mama Hanifeh, together with Dammam]

Allâh: a song of Nobân ceremony (The ceremony of Hâvâ believers)
          [with the voice of Baba Hayyud, along Tambire (Tambura)]

Hâvâr Hâvâr: a song of Zâr ceremony (The Zâr ceremony typical of           Mashâyekh’s of Bandar Lengeh) [with the voice of Mama Zâr and           Dammam’s]
  4.    Lâ Elâh: a song of Nobân ceremony [along the voice of the Baba of           Nobân and Tambire (Tambura)]
Marhabâ: a song of Zâr ceremony [with the voice of Mama and Baba           of Zâr and a Dammam and a big Dayereh]
Ey Khodâ: the song of Minab [group song along Dammam’s and           Neyanban]
  7.    Wedding Ceremony: the music of Minab [accompanied by Jofti            Neyand Dammam’s]
Wedding Ceremony: the music of Minab [accompanied by Jofti           Ney and Dammam’s]  
Khoshâ: the music of Minab [a song with responses from a group of           Singers along Jofti Ney and Dammam’s]
10.    Elallâh: a song of Zâr ceremony [with the voice of Mama and Baba of           Zâr, along Dammam and a big Dayereh]
Sharve: the music of Bushehr (The Sharvakhâni song in the style of           Bakhshoo) [with the voice of Abdolrahim Karami]
Chupi Bushehri (Sheki) [Neyanban: Ahmad-Ali Sharafi, Dammam:           Saeed Shanbezadeh and…]

The Music of the Fars Province
13.    Jahromi [Vocal: Ahmad Charkhi, Tar: Asqar Mohammadi Jahromi           and Tombak: Ghafour Fakhravari]
Lullaby [Vocal: Hamzeh Karami]
Koroğlu Story: the Qashqai Kamancheh [Vocal and Narrator: Ashiq           Esmail]

The Music of Lorestan and Bakhtiari
16.    Sepâ: Tal, the Luri Kamancheh [Hemmat-Ali Salem]
Parishânetam: the Luri Kamancheh [along Tombak and a singer           (Sakhaei)]
Ketrâke Song: the Bakhtiari music [Vocal: Mansouri]
19.    Dâya Dâya: the Luri Kamancheh [along Tombak and a singer           (Sakhaei)]
Tribal Dance: the Luri music [Sorna: Shahmirza Moradi and Dohol]

CD 2

The Music of Kurdistan
  1.    Kâkmir and Kâksheikh [Shemshal: Master Ghala Mara]
Befir Bâri [Vocal: Hassan Jazavi, along with Buzuk and Piale Zangi]
Heyrân: Narmeh-Nay
  4.    Kwistânân Khâl Khâl [Vocal: Hassan Zirak]
Khân Amiri: Tanbur
Daliloo [Vocal: Hassan Jazavi, along Buzuk and Piale Zangi]
  7.    Dance [Dozale and Tombak]
Gariân [Sorna: Abdollah Shariati, Dohol: Baratali Zouraei]  
Lâvak [Vocal: Aziz Shahrokh, Narmeh-Nay: Hossein Hamidi]
10.    Kurdish Song: [Vocal: Osman Chekool, along with Narmeh-Nay]

The Music of Khorasan
11.    Dowlatyâr: Turkmen Yuli music of Khorasan [Vocal and Silk Dutar:           Oliagholi Yeganeh]
Allâh Madad: the music of Torbat-e Jam [Vocal and Dutar: Gholamali           Pourataei]
Dance: the music of Torbat-e Jam (Barâr)  
Maqum Jal: the music of Torbat-e Jam [Dutar: Gholamali Pourataei]
Zohreh and Tâher: the music of Northern Khorasan [Singer and           Dutar: Mohammad Hossein Yeganeh]
Lo: the music of Kormanc (Northern Khorasan) [Vocal: Bijan Aghdasi,           Kamancheh: Niazali Sahra Roshan]
Yekqarse: the music of Kormanc (Northern Khorasan) [Kamancheh:           Niazali Sahra Roshan, Handy Dohol: Remezanali Azizi]
Zohreh and Tâher: the music of Northern Khorasan [Vocal and           Dutar: Mohammad Hossein Yeganeh]
Dance [Ghoshmeh: Ali Abshoori, Dop: Hossein Babi]

CD 3

The Music of Mazandaran
  1.    Katuli [Vocal: Noormohammad Talebi, Kamancheh: Ahmad Mohsenpour]
Qaribi Hâl [Laleva: Arsalan Tayebi]
Bânoo [Vocal and Dutar: Mohammad-Reza Eshaghi]

Turkmen Music
  4.    Bivafa [Dutar, Ghojogh and Singer]
Porkhâni (Zekr-e Khanjar): a kind of ancient ritual spectacle           associated with harmonic movements to treat mental diseases and repel           evil spirits  
Geryân [Vocal: Qazaq Pang, Ghojogh: Arazmohammad Kalteh]
  7.    Porkhâni (Zekr-e Khanjar)
Bimâretdin [Vocal and Dutar: Qazag Pang]  
Grâeili [Ghojogh: Arazmohammad Kalteh]
10.    Âynâ [Dutar: Khoje Bakhshi]
11.    Ât [Dutar, Ghojogh and Singer]

The Music of Azerbaijan
12.    Pâshâ Koshti [Singer and Qopuz: Ashiq Qasham]
Osmânli Divânisi [Qopuz: Ashiq Imran Heydari]
Zâbol Sigah [Vocal: Mostafa Payan, Tar: Ali Dadsetanpour and           Kamancheh]  
Tâjeri [Vocal and Qopuz: Ashiq Farhad Shokouhi]
Naqara Solo [Vahid Assdollahi]
Jamshidi [Vocal and Qopuz: Ashiq Farhad Shokouhi]
Zâbol Sigah [Garmon: Jamshid Hamidi]
Vağzalı Dance: [Sorna and Qaval]
Shur Daramad [Balaban: Hossein Hamidi]

CD 4

The Music of Sistan and Baluchestan
  1.    Licu [Vocal and Doneli: Shirmohammad Espandar]
Nolaki: the voice of a Cameleer using his throat to make music (a type           of forgotten habit among Cameleers)  
Sâz-e Simorq [Doneli: Shirmohammad Espandar]
  4.    Sâz-o Âvâz [Sorna]
  5.    Licu [Vocal and Balochi Ghaychak]
  6.    Balochi Rubab [Musa Zangshahi]
  7.    Dokhtâr-e Dehghân: the music of Sistan [Vocal: Barahouei]

The Music of Gilan and Talysh
  8.    Koormasi [Sorna: Aberarkhan, and Naghareh]
Gile Lo [Vocal: Fereydoun Pourreza, with verses by Mohammad-Vali           Mozaffari]  
Ghâsem-Âbadi [Sorna: Mirza-Agha Dastres and Naghareh]
11.    Songs of Eastern Gilan [Vocal: Fereydoun Pourreza]
Âbkenâri and Zarde Malije [Sorna: Jahanshahkhan (Jamshakhan)] 13.    Songs of Bijar [Vocal: Nasser Vahdati]
14.    Galankeshi Maqam [Laleh (Shepherd Ney): Ghafari]
15.    Âmân Âmân: Talysh Music [Vocal: Ghesmat Khani]
16.    Talysh Music [Labak: Pourjavadi]

Lori Music, the Province of Fars
17.    Saharnavâzi [Karna: Zarafshan]
Jeyrân Jeyrân: the Qashqai music [Violin playing by Looti-Tombaki           of Kazeroon, Ousta Khodakaram]
Âkh Joonom [Sorna: Ousta Aziz, and Tombak]  
Vâsoonak: the music of weddings and Hanâbandân [Sorna: Ousta Aziz]
Balâlom [Vocal: Ahmad Charkhi, Tar: Asqar Mohammadi Jahromi,           Tombak: Ghafoor Fakhravari]

| © 2017 Hossein Hamidi | Created by Entr"acte Studio |

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